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Radial-velocity Searches for Planets Around Active Stars / by Raphaëlle D. Haywood

By: Resource type: Ressourcentyp: Buch (Online)Book (Online)Language: English Series: Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research | SpringerLink BücherPublisher: [Cham] : Springer, 2016Description: Online-Ressource (XV, 140 p. 60 illus., 57 illus. in color, online resource)ISBN:
  • 9783319412733
Subject(s): Genre/Form: Additional physical formats: 9783319412726 | Druckausg.: 978-3-319-41272-6 LOC classification:
  • QB4
DOI: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-41273-3Online resources: Summary: Introduction: the Hunt for Extra-solar Planets -- A Toolkit to Detect Planets Around Active Stars -- Application to Observations of Planet-hosting Stars -- An Exploration into the Radial-velocity Variability of the Sun -- Conclusion.Summary: This thesis develops new and powerful methods for identifying planetary signals in the presence of “noise” generated by stellar activity, and explores the physical origin of stellar intrinsic variability, using unique observations of the Sun seen as a star. In particular, it establishes that the intrinsic stellar radial-velocity variations mainly arise from suppression of photospheric convection by magnetic fields. With the advent of powerful telescopes and instruments we are now on the verge of discovering real Earth twins in orbit around other stars. The intrinsic variability of the host stars themselves, however, currently remains the main obstacle to determining the masses of such small planets. The methods developed here combine Gaussian-process regression for modeling the correlated signals arising from evolving active regions on a rotating star, and Bayesian model selection methods for distinguishing genuine planetary signals from false positives produced by stellar magnetic activity. The findings of this thesis represent a significant step towards determining the masses of potentially habitable planets orbiting Sun-like stars. .PPN: PPN: 1658409736Package identifier: Produktsigel: ZDB-2-SEB | ZDB-2-SXP | ZDB-2-PHA
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