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Bioethics : What Everyone Needs to Know ® / Bonnie Steinbock and Paul T. Menzel

By: Contributor(s): Resource type: Ressourcentyp: Buch (Online)Book (Online)Language: English Series: What Everyone Needs to KnowPublisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, [2023]Description: 1 Online-Ressource (329 p)ISBN:
  • 0197657982
  • 9780197657980
  • 9780197657973
  • 0197657974
Subject(s): Additional physical formats: 9780197657997 | Erscheint auch als: Bioethics. Druck-Ausgabe Oxford : Oxford University Press, Incorporated,c2023DDC classification:
  • 174.957
LOC classification:
  • QH332
Online resources: Summary: Cover -- Half-Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- 1 What Are the Philosophical Foundations of Bioethics? -- What is "normative ethics"? -- What are some important moral theories for bioethics? -- How does utilitarian reasoning work? -- What principles are featured in Kantian ethics? -- What does Natural Law ethics contribute to bioethics? -- What is the "principles approach" to bioethics? -- Concluding thoughts -- 2 How Has the Shift from Paternalism to Autonomy Shaped Bioethics? -- What is paternalism in general?Summary: How do strong and weak paternalism differ? -- What is medical paternalism? -- What does autonomy mean in bioethics? -- What is informed consent? -- What was the significance of the Belmont Report? -- What historical forces led to the rejection of medical paternalism? -- Do the effects of serious illness justify medical paternalism? -- Do irrational choices justify medical paternalism? -- Does respect for cultural differences justify deception? -- How should doctors give bad news to patients? -- Is deception justified in some "hard cases"?Summary: How should bioethicists and healthcare professionals address racism? -- Concluding thoughts -- 3 Do Advance Directives Protect Patient Autonomy? -- What is an advance directive for medical care? -- What constitutes a relevant change of mind? -- What is the "then-.self/.now-.self" problem? -- How have defenders of advance directives responded to this problem? -- Can advance directives accommodate the then-.self/.now-.self problem? -- What communication challenges limit the use of advance directives? -- Concluding thoughts -- 4 When Is Experimentation on Human Subjects Unethical?Summary: What principles for ethical research emerged in the Nuremberg Code? -- What notable experiments influenced the development of medical research ethics? -- Are randomized clinical trials ethically questionable? -- When do placebo-.control trials violate basic principles of medical ethics? -- How do international contexts affect the ethics of trials? -- When are "challenge" trials for new vaccines acceptable? -- When do exclusions and priorities unjustly affect disadvantaged groups? -- Concluding thoughts -- 5 How Should Death Be Defined and Determined? -- What is death? -- What is brain death?Summary: Are neurological criteria a better indicator of death? -- What are the practical advantages of neurological criteria? -- Are there scientific arguments in favor of brain death? -- What are the arguments against brain death? -- What is the significance of the case of Jahi McMath? -- What would happen if we gave up brain death? -- Should a higher-.brain standard be adopted? -- Is death an event or a process-.and does it matter? -- Concluding thoughts -- 6 Is Physician-.Assisted Dying an Ethical Choice? -- What is euthanasia? -- What is the difference between voluntary and nonvoluntary euthanasia?Summary: The questions and dilemmas of bioethics touch everyone. Bioethics: What Everyone Needs to Know ® discusses the most difficult and controversial bioethical issues facing the public today, providing a way to think about them in a rigorous and thoughtful way. Topics include the philosophical and historical foundations of bioethics, advance directives, experimentation on human subjects, the definition of death, physician-assisted dying, abortion, disability, just healthcare systems, the allocation of scarce resources, pharmaceutical drug pricing, assisted reproductive technology, egg donation, surPPN: PPN: 1882633474Package identifier: Produktsigel: ZDB-4-NLEBK | BSZ-4-NLEBK-KAUB
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